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Teaching Kids about Gun Safety

Teaching Kids about Gun Safety

The state of California has been a leader in gun control laws for a while now, and for good reason. In the wrong hands, guns can cause a lot of damage, which is why they need to be treated with the proper respect. That respect needs to be instilled in people of all ages but is arguably more important when children are involved.

Recently, there has been a rise in gun purchases amidst all of the panic caused by the growing pandemic. It is important for everyone, whether they are a new gun owner or someone who has owned a gun for a while, to know how to store their gun, as well as how to keep it out of children’s hands.

California Gun Storage Laws

When it comes to owning a gun in California, owners need to be aware of how the firearm is supposed to be stored. Failing to store a gun and its ammunition properly can have disastrous consequences in which someone is hurt. If that does happen, the gun owner could even face criminal charges for improperly storing the gun in the first place.

The act of improperly storing a gun is referred to under Penal Code (PC) 25100 criminal storage of a firearm. There are two different levels to this crime, first- and second-degree.

Criminal storage of a firearm in the first degree occurs when a person keeps a loaded gun in their home or anywhere else that the person has control where a child could gain access to the gun, and a child obtains the gun and causes death or great bodily injury to someone. This is a wobbler crime that can be charged as either a misdemeanor or a felony.

The consequences for this crime as a misdemeanor can include:

  • Up to 1 year in county jail.
  • A max fine of $1,000.

When charged as a felony, this crime can come with:

  • 16 months, 2, or 3 years in county jail.
  • A max fine of $10,000.
  • Criminal storage of a firearm in the second degree occurs when the child removes the gun from the home. If a child gets ahold of the firearm and takes it to a public place or exhibits the gun in a rude, angry or threatening manner, then the owner of the gun will face this charge.

This is a misdemeanor offense that comes with

:

  • Up to 1 year in county jail.
  • A max fine of $1,000.

Teaching Kids About Guns

If someone is going to be keeping a gun in their home alongside children, then they need to educate those kids about firearms. They need to know the best ways to handle a gun, which in the case of kids means never handling a gun. Few adults understand the gravity of pointing a gun at something, and kids definitely don’t understand just how serious that is.

According to California’s General Attorney, there are four rules that kids should follow when guns are concerned.

      Stop. The child should stop what they are doing if they find or see a gun.
      Never touch. Children should never touch guns, even if they are trying to take it to an adult.
      Leave the area. After seeing the gun, kids should immediately leave the area. They should never try to stop someone from using the gun.
      Tell an adult. The last thing kids need to do after seeing a gun is to tell an adult immediately. Let adults handle the situation.

How to Properly Store Guns

The best way to keep guns out of the wrong hands is to store them properly. For instance, guns should be stored out of sight and in a locked safe in an unloaded state and separately from ammunition. The California General Attorney also recommends using both a locking safe and a firearm safety device.

Guns can be incredibly dangerous, but as long as they are handled and cared for properly, they can be safe. As long as parents take the proper precautions to store their firearms and teach kids how to respect guns and keep their distance, people can stay safe. That is all anyone wants.

What are your thoughts on California’s criminal storage of a firearm laws? Are the consequences of breaking this law fair, or do they need to be adjusted?

Mail Theft Laws in the US

Mail Theft Laws in the US

As people are forced to stay within their homes, many previously easy tasks have become a little more difficult and stressful. For instance, going grocery shopping is now a much bigger chore than it was a few months ago. One particular task that remains completely unchanged for some, and more difficult for others, is going to get the mail.

For those people who have a mailbox right outside their house, there hasn’t been much of a change. However, not everyone has a personal mailbox. A lot of people have PO boxes either at one single spot on the side of the road in their neighborhood or at a local post office. Checking these has become a little more difficult since they require going out in public.

Due to the lockdown, a lot of people are checking their PO boxes less frequently and crooks are aware of this. With more free time on their hands and a surplus of easy targets, crooks are stealing mail more and more during this lockdown.

The US Definition of Mail Theft

Mail theft is illegal both at the federal and state level here in California. Title 18 of United States Code 1708 defines the crime of mail theft for the entire country. In a very legalese way, the law states that anyone who takes or tampers with mail that isn’t addressed to them without permission from the recipient with the intent of committing a crime is guilty of mail theft and should be punished by a fine and no more than 5 years imprisonment.

Some of the acts that are included in this definition include:

  • Taking mail from someone’s mailbox.
  • Taking mail from the post office or a delivery vehicle.
  • Using fraud or deception to take someone else’s mail.
  • Opening someone else’s mail.
  • Taking the contents of someone else’s mail.
  • Destroying someone else’s mail.
  • Hiding someone else’s mail.
  • Buying or receiving known stolen mail.

Another important aspect that needs to be defined is what counts as mail. Under this law, the following can all be considered “mail:”

  • Letters.
  • Mailbags.
  • Packages.
  • Postcards.

Acts that aren’t considered mail theft include opening a loved one’s mail since family members usually have permission to open one another’s mail. Any time a person has permission from the recipient or isn’t intending to commit a crime, they aren’t guilty of mail theft.

California’s Mail Theft Law

Here in California, Penal Code (PC) 530.5e explains what counts as mail theft in the state and what the consequences of the crime will be. This law states that anyone guilty of mail theft, as described in Section 1708 of Title 18 of the US Code, is guilty of a public offense here in California.

If a person breaks into a community PO Box, then they are guilty of mail theft under federal law. The same holds for people who take packages off of porches. If a person does either of these or anything similar to this, then they will be guilty of mail theft here in California.

Mail theft is considered a misdemeanor crime here in California. The penalties for the crime are:

  • A max fine of $1,000.
  • Up to one year in county jail.
  • Misdemeanor probation.

Don’t Let the Mail Pile Up

Dealing with lockdowns and daily life under this pandemic can be rough. Mail theft makes it all that much more annoying. The best way to avoid mail theft is to regularly check for mail. Don’t let it pile up in the box. Doing so could leave valuable personal information in a less than secure spot that crooks can easily access and then use to commit identity theft.

If a person has been a victim of mail theft, then they should report the incident to the local authorities right away. Despite the lockdowns, they are still out their protecting and serving in every way that they can.

What are your thoughts on mail theft and the laws surrounding it? Is the federal definition of the crime good enough? Are the consequences for committing mail theft here in California acceptable, or do they need to be readjusted? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

Can Passengers Drink Alcohol in Vehicles?

Can Passengers Drink Alcohol in Vehicles?

Everyone knows that it is against the law to drink alcohol and then drive a vehicle. This law exists because drunk drivers are very dangerous. Due to the alcohol, the driver’s ability to react properly while driving is greatly impaired. Drunk drivers are more likely to make reckless decisions and are less capable of avoiding an accident. Roughly 30% of all traffic-related deaths in the US are caused by alcohol-impaired drivers.

It is easy to see why drivers are forbidden from consuming alcohol. However, this does leave some people with a question, can passengers drink in vehicles? After all, they aren’t driving so their impairment isn’t really important. The answer to this question might surprise a lot of Californians.

California’s Open Container Laws

The state of California has several different laws that pertain to drinking and driving. Some of these laws pertain to the act of driving under the influence (DUI), and some pertain to having open containers of alcohol in vehicles. Collectively this second group of laws is known as the state’s open container laws.

The first law in the group, California Vehicle Code (VC) 23221 makes it illegal for anyone, driver or passenger, to consume alcohol while in a motor vehicle on a highway. Before anyone gets too excited, in this instance, a highway is any roadway or place that is publicly maintained for vehicular travel. This definition includes all public roads and parking lots.

There is an exception to this law. In for-hire vehicles, such as limousines, passengers are allowed to consume alcohol within the vehicle provided there is a divider or partition between the driver and the passengers. This helps ensure that driver doesn’t drink anything and can continue to do their job safely.

However, even in for-hire vehicles, if a minor is present, then no one is allowed to drink alcohol. This is due to VC 23224, which prohibits any minor under the age of 21 from driving a car that contains any alcoholic beverages, regardless of if they are open or not. This law also prohibits minors from being a passenger in a vehicle while possessing alcohol. The only time minors can be transporting alcohol is when they are accompanied by a parent, a legal guardian, or are doing so for their job.

Open Container Penalties

Breaking one co California’s laws, in most cases, is an infraction level offense. This means that they come with some small fines, usually around $250, and no possibility of jail time. That is, as long as the person isn’t charged with anything else, such as DUI. If they are facing other charges, then they could end up paying more in fines and face some jail time. Just having an open container in a vehicle alone is not enough to warrant a person being sent to jail.

It is important to note that whoever possesses the open container in the vehicle is the one who will receive the ticket, not the driver.

However, things get a little more severe if the person being charged is a minor under the age of 21. In those instances, breaking an open container law gets raised to a misdemeanor offense. In these instances, a person will face:

  • Up to 6 months in jail.
  • A max fine of $1,000.
  • A 1 year driver’s license suspension.
  • Having the vehicle impounded for 30 days.

The state of California takes underage drinking very seriously, and so the consequences for a minor having an open container in their vehicle are more severe.

Don’t Drink While in Vehicles

While it doesn’t seem like it could be a problem, passengers are restricted from drinking in a vehicle just like drivers are. The idea is to prevent a driver from having the chance to consume any alcohol. This way, no one gets into an accident where someone could be severely hurt.

What are your thoughts on the state’s open container laws and how they relate to passengers and minors? Should passengers be allowed to consume alcohol in all vehicles, not just for hire ones? What about minors? Is it fair to give them harsher charges than the adults get for the same crime? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

Uplifting Coronavirus Stories

Uplifting Coronavirus Stories

There is no denying that the last month has been a stressful one for everyone. A pandemic like this hasn’t been experienced in long. Most people weren’t prepared for a disaster like this, which has caused a lot of panic and stress for millions of people.

During these tough times, it can be easy to become depressed hearing about all of the horrible stories that are occurring across the world. It is in these moments that everyone needs to remember to focus on the positives. No matter how big or small the something positive may be, that uplifting moment can be incredibly beneficial for a person’s health. On top of that, uplifting deeds and acts often spread like wildfire, meaning one small act here, can affect someone else, which can lead to them helping another.

So, here is a small sample of some of the heartwarming stories coming from all over the world to remind everyone that there is still hope despite the pandemic.

Spreading Hope through Window Art

For a long time, schools have been considered breeding grounds for germs due to all of the children getting together. To counteract this, schools have closed all over the world. With kids at home keeping them entertained and relaxed despite the obvious tension in the air has become paramount.

A lot of parents have taken up doing arts and crafts with their kids to keep things bright and cheerful. A trend that is growing online is to post the crafts, especially images of rainbows, on front windows to share with the rest of the world. This way, cheer can be spread from house to house.

Pets Missed Us

Due to lockdowns and self-isolation, many people around the world now find themselves either working from home or having a lot of free time on the couch. While this situation isn’t ideal for some people, there is one group that collectively agrees that this self-isolation thing is the best thing ever: dogs.

Canine companions all over the world are loving the fact that their favorite people are home all of the time now. There is so much time for cuddles and pets and love now! To make sure that their excitement is known by all, the pups are wagging their tails 24/4 now. All of this extra wagging has led to some dogs spraining their tails from the extra effort.

While no one wants their dog to get hurt, it is sweet to know they are so excited.

Cats may never admit it, but chances are they are just as excited to have their owners spending more time at home too.

Some more good news for pups and kitties from all of this is the fact that with so many people having a lot of free time at home, many are going out to local shelters and adopting new companions.

People Are Getting Creative Together, from Afar

Self-isolation, and needing to be 6 feet away from others, can be rough, especially for people who are used to being around others. However, people can be very creative, either with the arts or with how they get together.

Videos are surfacing from across the globe of communities where local musicians are putting on concerts on their balconies for all of their locked-in neighbors. Sometimes it’s just one person performing for all, and other times the entire neighborhood joins in, playing and singing what they can from their balconies and windows.

In an effort to stay in shape, some people have begun hosting balcony workout sessions. Everyone stays within their apartment and follows their leader through the workout.

Videos of people playing I Spy with their neighbors from their apartment balconies and windows have also surfaced online.

All of this just goes to show that people are incredibly creative when faced with a problem and will do what they can to overcome any obstacle.

Officers Are Doing Their Part

Naturally, during this time of enforced isolation, law enforcement officers are working harder than ever to ensure that everyone stays safe. That is a very important and time-consuming job, and yet, some officers are going above and beyond.

There are videos all over the internet of officers doing what they can to spread cheer amongst their communities. Some offices are dancing and singing in the streets to entertain. Others are driving by and putting on little parades in front of the homes of young children whose birthday parties had to be canceled.

These little acts make a big impact on the lives that they touch.

Don’t Lose Hope

This is just a small sample of some of the incredible and heartwarming stories that have arisen from this global disaster. Yes, this pandemic is horrible and life has gotten a whole lot scarier because of it. However, this is not the time to lose hope. Focus on the positives from this, how excited our pets are, the art that is being created this very instant, and the community bonds that have been forged despite the separation.

Even though we all may be isolated from one another, we are all in this together. There is still so much good out there in the world, don’t lose sight of it by focusing on the negatives.

Is Intentionally Spreading the Virus an Act of Terrorism?

Is Intentionally Spreading the Virus an Act of Terrorism?

The world is in a state of crisis as the COVID-19, Coronavirus, pandemic takes root everywhere. This has led to governments ordering non-essential businesses to temporarily shut down and forcing entire communities to lockdown. People are only allowed to leave their homes for essential trips, and when out need to practice social distancing by staying a minimum of 6 feet away from one another.

While self-isolation isn’t the most exciting thing ever, most people understand its importance. They recognize that if everyone does their part and just stays home, they can slow the spread of the virus and save millions of lives. Then there is the population out there that just can’t seem to comprehend the gravity of the situation.

Sadly, there are people out there that think their spring break is more important than staying healthy, or that it is funny to spread the virus even further. As if that’s not bad enough, con-artists are even taking advantage of people’s panic to make a quick buck.

People Do Incredibly Dumb Things on the Internet

The internet has become pretty infamous with some of the dumb challenges it has come up with over the last few years. While a few of the challenges were great and for a good cause, such as the ice bucket challenge, some were just plain stupid. The Tide Pod challenge springs to mind.

One social media “influencer” recently tried a spearhead a new trending challenge, the coronavirus challenge. The influencer posted a video to her social media account depicting her licking an airplane toilet seat with #coronaviruschallenge. Naturally, the video earned a lot of attention online, though most people seemed to condone the act rather than praise it. That, combined with the fact most videos under the hashtag are about how to stay safe during this pandemic led to very little, if any, copycats.

In an interview, the 22-year-old admitted that she did it to get attention and has gone on record stating that she doesn’t care what kind of attention she gets as long as she is getting attention. Apparently, the toilet was on her “sugar daddy’s” private plane and she had the common sense to bleach the seat before licking it.

Stay Calm and Don’t Get Conned

Another concern that people are now having to face due to the pandemic is scammers. Con-artists all over are feeding off of people’s fears and panic to make some easy money. Scammers have set up automated calls to randomly dial people and attempt to sell them things such as toilet paper, masks or gloves. The goal with these robocalls is to get people to hand over credit card information and make a payment for a service that will never be rendered.

There has also been an increase in coronavirus tracker apps and websites that exist solely to put malware on to people’s devices. People flock to these sites and apps to keep an eye on the scary situation. Unfortunately, these malicious apps and websites only exist to steal information off of people’s devices through the use of malware. If a person wants to keep tabs on the virus, then they should stick to using a trusted and reliable source.

The US Department of Justice (DOJ) is doing their very best to crack down on these scams

This Is a Very Serious Time

As far as the DOJ is concerned any acts where people purposefully try to spread coronavirus can be considered acts of terrorism. The same holds for even threatening to spread the disease. This is because the virus technically meets the requirements to be considered a biological agent.

This new take on any intentional spreading of the virus has been delivered to all law enforcement agencies across the country. Officers all over have been instructed not to tolerate such behavior.

As far as the scammers are concerned, the DOJ is doing everything that they can to stop them. Once caught, the scammers will face all sorts of charges that come with a lot of hefty fines and jail time.

When it comes to the so-called “influencer,” luckily most people seemed to be smarter than her and chose not to do something as dumb as licking a toilet seat.

What are your thoughts on how the DOJ is handling this and how they are viewing the intentional spreading of the disease? Should people who intentionally spread the coronavirus be considered terrorists? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

When Can Children Be Left Home Alone?

When Can Children Be Left Home Alone?

P
arenting is rarely an easy task at the best of times. When times get tough, like they have recently, parenting can get even tougher. With schools shut down all over the country, many parents have suddenly been reminded of just how tough parenting is. This is only made worse when some parents are still working, meaning their kids have to be left home alone.

Parents of younger kids can be left in a very tough spot. They need to work, but they also need to keep an eye on their children at home. They worry that their children may not be old enough to be left home alone. Then they wonder at what age a child can legally be left home alone in California.

It Depends on the Child

Deciding to leave a child home alone is not an easy decision to make. Most parents spend hours agonizing over that decision the first time. They may search online for answers, but unfortunately, there is no easy answer to this question. The one nice thing is that there is no law here in the state of California that states when a child can be left home alone.

When it comes to leaving a child home alone, things vary from kid to kid. This is one of the main reasons why the state doesn’t set an age limit to when a child can be left home alone. Some kids mature faster than others, and so an 8-year-old may be ready to take care of herself for an hour or two while a 9-year-old may still need constant supervision. The state can’t make exact guidelines for this kind of thing and so refer to the parent’s expertise on their child.

To help parents make a truly informed and well thought out decision, the state does provide parents with a list of questions to ask themselves regarding their child on the California Department of Education’s website. These questions include:

  • Can he creatively solve problems?
  • Do you live in an isolated area without close neighbors?
  • Does he always let you know where he is going and when he will return?
  • Does your child become bored easily?
  • Is a neighbor home to help if needed?
  • Is he easily frightened?
  • Is she responsible?
  • Is your neighborhood safe?
  • Will you or another adult always be available to your child in case of an emergency?
  • Would caring for the younger sibling restrict the older child’s activities?
  • Would she be at home with an older brother or sister?Do siblings get along?
  • Would she spend her time responsibly?
  • Would the older sibling resent caring for the younger one?
  • Would your child rather stay home than go to a child care or after-school program?

A parent should carefully consider all of these before coming to a conclusion about what they should do with their child. Some parents may find that after considering these points, their child isn’t ready to be left on their own. Others may determine that child is ready to handle the extra responsibility that comes with being home alone.

If a parent decides that they can leave their child home alone for a few hours, the California Department of Education recommends creating some rules for the child. Some of the rules they recommend are:

  • Are they allowed to leave the house or go outside?
  • How she can reach you.
  • The foods she may eat, preferably nothing involving the stove.
  • What appliances and devices can be used.
  • What TV shows can be watched.
  • Which friends are allowed to come over.

These simple rules can help keep a child safe while they are on their own.

It’s the Parent’s Decision

No one ever said that raising kids would be easy, and that was when things were generally right in the world. With schools shut down now, parents who are stuck going to work are being forced to face the dilemma of whether or not their child is mature and responsible enough to be staying home alone.

Luckily, there is no direct law stating when a child can be left on their own for a little while. This means the act of leaving a child home alone itself is not illegal. However, a parent can run into complications if by leaving the child alone, the child stood a more than likely chance of getting hurt. In those instances, a parent could be charged with neglect. If taken to court, the judge would likely default to the parent’s reasoning and thoughts on the matter. After all, parents are the best experts on how responsible and mature their children are.

What do you think of California’s lack of laws surrounding when a child can be left home alone? Should there be a law regulating this, or is it best to leave the decision up to the parents? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

Don’t Get Scammed out of Your Stimulus Check

Don’t Get Scammed out of Your Stimulus Check

A
s the world practically shuts down in response to the spreading COVID-19 Pandemic, many people are now finding themselves stuck at home. For some, this time away from work can be very welcome. For others, however, not making any money is very stressful. Millions of people across the country have either had their jobs shutdown and are receiving no paycheck, or were laid off entirely. This is a pretty big deal for those who were living paycheck to paycheck.

To counteract the lack of income, and to keep the economy from crashing entirely, the US government agreed on a $2 trillion stimulus plan. All of this money would go to places it was needed most, such as the pockets of American citizens trying to pay their bills.

As great as this plan sounds for many Americans, it sounded even better for a shady group of people. Scammers heard news of the stimulus plan being approved and immediately began creating schemes. There has been a very noticeable uptick in scams revolving around the stimulus checks that will soon be going out to people.

What Is the Stimulus Plan?

The approved stimulus plan will be issuing checks of up to $1,200 to eligible Americans across the country. People who are eligible for these checks include:

  • People making less than $75,000 a year.
  • Couples making less than $150,000 a year.
  • Disabled veterans.
  • People who receive social security.

The money will be delivered to individuals based on how they receive their tax returns. If people chose to have their tax returns deposited directly into their bank account, then that is what will happen with their stimulus money. If people selected to have their tax return check mailed to them, then their stimulus check will be mailed to the same address.

For people who do not have to file taxes each year, such as low-income taxpayers, they will need to fill out a simple tax form. More information on that can be found on the official IRS website.

The money is slated to start going out in the next few weeks, but it will likely take several months for everyone to get their money.

Scammers Are Surfacing

Scammers love when people are scared or in a panic. In this state, people are easier to trick since they aren’t paying as much attention to details as they normally are. This is why scammers always try to scare their victims. However, with all of this fear from the pandemic, they don’t have to instill that fear, they can go straight to feeding off of it.

If a person receives any form of communication regarding their stimulus money, they should ignore it. There will be no fees that need to be paid before funds can be issued. There will be no need to give personal information over the phone or through email.

The IRS states that people on social security and those that file their taxes will not have to do anything to get their stimulus checks. The system will figure out who’s getting money and how/where to send it based on previous tax information. Chances are, the IRS, or any other government agency, will not be contacting people about their checks, so there is no reason to respond to any communications about the subject.

If a person suspects that a communication is legit, then they still should not respond through the presented method. Instead, a person should go to the official IRS website and contact someone through the methods presented there. The site can be identified by having .gov at the end of the site address instead of the usual .com.

Don’t Panic

Everyone can understand how money is a bit tight right now for a lot of people. Shutting down entire industries means that millions of people are without work and likely without pay. This is why the government enacted this stimulus package. They want to ensure that people get the money they need to stay in their homes until this pandemic has come to an end.

During this tough and confusing time, it is important for people not to panic. Doing so could cause them to fall victim to any number of scams. The best thing for everyone is to stay calm and to never give personal information to anyone who contacted them first.

Don’t Give Up on Easter

Don’t Give Up on Easter

It is a little hard to believe, but Easter has arrived. March somehow managed to simultaneously take its time and disappear in a flash thanks to all of the lockdowns. Weeks ago there had been hope that the lockdowns would be gone come Easter, but that doesn’t seem to be the case. Now, most Easter celebrations have been canceled to ensure that everyone stays safe.

This is a real bummer for a lot of people, especially kids. Easter celebrations can be a whole lot of fun and missing out on them is disappointing. Luckily, there are still ways for people to celebrate Easter without breaking any lockdown rules.

Tips for Celebrating Easter on Lockdown

The ongoing pandemic and lockdowns can make celebrating Easter a bit harder this year, but that doesn’t mean people shouldn’t try. This is especially true for people with kids who honestly need some fun at this point. Heck, everyone could use a break from the stress right about now.

To help with that, here are some ideas on how to celebrate Easter safely this year while under lockdown.

  • Dress up. Even if you aren’t going anywhere, dressing up can still be fun, so go ahead and do it anyway. Doing so will be a nice change of pace, and there will be no one there to judge you on it anyway.
  • Create a playlist. Putting on music can always make things cheerier. You can put on worship music or whatever you feel like so long as you enjoy it,it helps lighten the mood, and it feels Easter-y to you.
  • Create homemade cards. Have the family sit down and create homemade cards to send to friends and family members to let them know you are thinking of them this holiday.
  • Dye eggs. If you can safely get ahold of some white eggs, nothing is stopping you from keeping with this tradition. If you can’t get ahold of eggs, don’t worry. You can make paper eggs and decorate those instead. Then they can be placed all over the house and you don’t have to worry about them going bad and stinking up the place.
  • Have an egg hunt.Again, this one may be a bit tricky due to the quarantine, but nothing is stopping you from going into your backyard and hiding plastic eggs. If you can’t get plastic eggs, you could hide the paper eggs you decorated. It won’t be the same as finding candy-filled eggs, but the joy of the search will still be there. If you are stuck in an apartment, then just hide the eggs around the house.
  • Set the table. Just because you aren’t going out and no one is coming over doesn’t mean that you can’t use your nice dinnerware. Set up the table and enjoy being fancy for a meal or two.
  • Meet loved ones online. There are plenty of video calling apps that can allow you to see your friends and family members for the holiday without breaking quarantine. Just be sure to set up the proper privacy settings. If everyone else dressed up, then you could even have a mini-fashion show to show off everyone’s outfits.
  • Go to church online. Thanks to the modern age, many churches can host their services online. This means that you do not have to miss out on the holiday service just because you are stuck at home.
  • Create something new. Don’t look at it as the virus is keeping you from doing something that you’ll miss. Instead, use this as a chance to create a new tradition that you can look forward to for years to come.

Don’t Give Up

These are definitely interesting times that most people weren’t prepared for. However, that does not mean we should just give up and let the holiday pass by without even trying to celebrate. We could all use a break from this pandemic and Easter is the perfect opportunity for people to celebrate and be happy for a day. Just remember to celebrate safely and to continue to practice social distancing.

From everyone here at Riverside Bail Bonds, we hope you have a safe and happy Easter.

California Dog Bite Laws

California Dog Bite Laws

For the most part, dog owners are good at taking care of their animals. They love their pup and treat it like a member of the family. However, not everyone is very good at taking care of their dog, which can cause some trouble. If a dog gets out and bites someone, the dog’s owner could get into legal trouble.

California is a strict liability state. This means that if a dog bites someone, whether or not they have a history of biting, the owner is liable for the incident. If a dog owner doesn’t want to be held responsible for a dog bite, they need to take the proper precautions to keep their dog under control.

When Dogs Bite People

California Civil Code (CC) 3342 makes it so that dog owners are liable for the injuries their dog caused, as long as the person didn’t provoke the dog and the person had a legal right to be in the area they were in.

People who cannot look to recover damages for a dog bite include anyone who is bitten:

  • While trespassing.
  • For provoking the dog.
  • While attacking the dog’s owner.
  • By a military or police dog.

In all of these instances, the person who was bitten by the dog did something that warranted them getting bitten. This means they cannot seek damages.

Anyone who is bitten but doesn’t fit into one of the above categories can seek legal compensation for the incident. If they do, the dog owner could end up paying for:

  • Medical bills.
  • Physical or vocational therapy.
  • Psychological counseling.
  • Lost wages.
  • Lost earning capacity.
  • Pain and suffering.
  • Scarring.
  • Loss of the use of a limb.

If the dog killed someone, then the owner could end up paying for a wrongful death.

After the incident, the dog will typically be quarantined for 10 days to ensure it doesn’t have any diseases such as rabies.

The dog will only be euthanized for biting someone if it has bitten two other people in the past, or if the dog was trained to fight, attack, or kill.

When Dogs Bite Other Animals

California CC 342 only applies when dogs bite people. When it comes to dogs biting other animals, things are a little different. This difference is because California views dogs, and all pets, as personal property. In this instance, when a dog bites another dog, it has damaged another person’s property.

If a person’s pet is attacked by someone else’s dog, they have to file a property damage lawsuit against the dog owner. The only way that a person can get reparations for their pet beings attacked is if:

  • The dog owner had notice of the dog’s aggressive behavior.
  • The dog owner was negligent in keeping their dog contained and under control.

If one of those criteria is met, then the person can recover the greater of one of the following costs:

  • The reduction of the animal’s market value caused by the injury.
  • The reasonable and necessary costs of the animal’s treatment following the injury.

If the attack was caused by recklessness on the dog owner’s part or was an intentional attack, then the victims can also recover:

  • Damages for the intentional infliction of emotional distress.
  • Punitive damages.

Don’t Let Your Dog Bite Anyone

Dogs can truly be great companions, and most people love their dogs like they are members of the family. These people do everything they can to keep their dog safe, which is good. Unfortunately, some people out there don’t take the proper precautions to keep their dog contained, or in some instances, despite the owner’s best efforts, a dog gets out and causes trouble.

When a dog gets out and bites someone, the owner will be held liable for the incident. This means they could end up covering all medical bills. If the dog bites another dog, the owner is only liable if the dog has a history of being aggressive or if the owner was negligent in keeping the dog under control.

What are your thoughts on California dog bite laws? Are the consequences fair? Should pet owners be able to recover more for the attack of their beloved pet?

California’s Edible Marijuana Laws

California’s Edible Marijuana Laws

Back in 2016, Californians voted to allow the recreational use of marijuana. This created a whole new mess of laws that dictated how people could use marijuana. The laws rolled out bit by bit over the next few years. While this made things easier for lawmakers and gave them the time they needed to create these laws, this did cause some confusion.

When it comes to marijuana, a lot of people are still confused about what is and isn’t allowed in California. For instance, what are the rules regarding foods and drinks infused with cannabis? Are those allowed in California, and if so, how much can a person carry on them before getting into trouble?

What Are Edibles?

Some people prefer edibles, or foods infused with cannabis, over smoking marijuana. The reason for this is often linked to people not wanting to inhale smoke, which can cause health problems. Edibles can provide the same effects as smoking marijuana but without the inherent dangers of smoking.

The largest difference between smoking marijuana and ingesting edibles is the timing. When smoking marijuana, the effects of the drug are felt sooner and they wear off more rapidly. Edibles, on the other hand, take longer for the effects to be felt and those effects last longer as well.

Edibles are legal to use and sell, provided the person has a license to do so, here in California.

Keeping Them Out of the Wrong Hands

The largest concern with edibles, as with all marijuana usage, is making sure that they stay out of the hands of minors. In California, anyone under the age of 21 is prohibited from consuming marijuana in any form.

To help that, state regulations require that all edibles packaged in such a way that the product:

  • Is safe contamination.
  • Has a tamper-evident seal.
  • Is child-resistant.
  • Does not imitate packaging typically marketed to children.
  • Is opaque to hide what is inside.
  • Is re-sealable, if it contains more than one serving.

All edible packaging must state that it contains cannabis, display its THC and CBD contents, as well as nutritional values.

It is also important to note that transporting marijuana, including edibles, across state lines is still illegal because marijuana is still considered a controlled substance at the federal level.

How Much Can A Person Possess?

When it comes to possession, edibles follow the same laws as other marijuana products. A person is legally allowed to have in their possession up to one ounce of marijuana, or 8 grams of concentrated cannabis. If a person has more than that one them at a time, then they can face misdemeanor charges of simple possession.

The consequences for this crime can include:

  • Up to 6 months in county jail.
  • A max fine of $500.

Another point to consider is that it is illegal to possess any amount of marijuana on the grounds of any K-12 school. This includes when the school is in session and any after-hours programs as well.

Be Responsible and Keep Marijuana Out of the Hands of Minors

The most important rules to remember when dealing with marijuana in California are that a person must be over 21 to smoke or ingest any form of marijuana and that there are set limits to how much a person can have on them at a time. If a person forgets these laws and breaks them, they will face some consequences.

This is especially important when it comes to edibles. Minors, especially children, may not know that there is marijuana in something and consume it without realizing the risks. This is why the packaging of edibles has to be child-resistant and can’t have anything on it that might appeal to kids.

What are your thoughts on edibles and marijuana usage here in California? Should edibles be allowed, or are they too risky because they can easily be consumed by kids? What about the consequences, are they fair or too light? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.

California Forgery and Fraud Laws

California Forgery and Fraud Laws

When it comes to filling out and signing official paperwork, people are required by law to provide honest and accurate information. Official documents are meant to have accurate information, and when a person knowingly lies on these documents, they can end up in trouble with the law for forgery.

Most people hear the word forgery think of signing someone else’s name, however, there is more to the crime than just that. The acts of signing someone else’s name on a document, modifying one without permission, or providing false information all fall under the crime of forgery.

The Act of Forgery in California

Forgery is made illegal here in California under Penal Code (PC) 470 and is defined as the intentional act of trying to deceive or lie to a person to deprive that person of money or property. PC 470 lists out multiple different ways that a person can commit the act of forgery. Some of these ways include:

  • Signing someone’s name without their approval.
  • Counterfeiting or forging someone’s handwriting or a document seal.
  • Changing or falsifying certain documents, especially legal ones.

Documents that are illegal to falsify or forge include, but are not limited to:

  • Bonds.
  • Checks.
  • Contracts.
  • Lottery tickets.
  • Money orders.
  • Property deeds.
  • Stock certificates.
  • Traveler’s checks.

As far as PC 470 is concerned, a person does not have to be successful in their attempt to deceive someone. All that matters is that the person tried to commit forgery.

It is also important to note that this law does not apply to instances where spouses might sign each other’s names on checks so they can be deposited into shared accounts. There are two reasons for this:

  • Spouses have their significant other’s approval to do so.
  • There was no intent to defraud their spouse.

Penalties for PC 470

PC 470 is a wobbler offense here in California. This means that the crime can either be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony depending on the facts of the case. How the crime will be charged is dependent on the person’s criminal record and whether the value of the attempted forgery is less than $950.

When charged as a misdemeanor, a person will face:

  • Up to 1 year in county jail.
  • A max fine of $1,000.
  • Misdemeanor probation.

When charged as a felony, a person will face:

    Up to 3 years in county jail.

  • A max fine of $10,000.
  • Felony probation.
  • Forgery is considered a crime of moral turpitude, a crime that involves dishonesty or vile conduct that is shocking to the reasonable person. This means that a charge of this crime could lead to non-US citizens being deported or being marked as inadmissible.

    California Fraud Laws

    When it comes to the act of fraud, which is any act that results in unfair or undeserved benefits for a person while causing harm or loss to someone else, there is no singular law against the act. Instead, since fraud can come in many different forms, several different laws could be considered laws against fraud. A small examples of acts that count as fraud in California include:

    • Auto Insurance Fraud.
    • Check fraud.
    • Credit card fraud.
    • Foreclosure fraud.
    • Health Care Fraud.
    • Identity theft.
    • Perjury PC 118.
    • Unemployment fraud.
    • Welfare fraud.
    • Worker’s compensation fraud.

    Most crimes involving fraud here in California are wobblers. This means they can be charged as either misdemeanors or felonies depending on the facts of the case. The consequences for these crimes can vary greatly depending on which one a person is accused of.

    Don’t Try to Trick People

    The bottom line when it comes to forgery and fraud is that if a person has to lie or trick someone to better themselves, then they probably shouldn’t do it. Chances are the act will be considered illegal under California law, meaning they could face some harsh consequences that include jail time and some hefty fines. It doesn’t even matter if the person was successful in their attempt. Asa long as they tried to commit forgery or fraud, they can be found guilty of the crime.

    What are your thoughts on forgery, fraud, and their respective laws here in California? Do the laws help keep people safe, or are their consequences to little? Let us know what you think in the comments down below?

    What Is California’s Shelter in Place Order?

    What Is California’s Shelter in Place Order?

    Over the last few weeks and months, Californians have seen a drastic change in their lifestyle, just like millions of others across the world. The pandemic caused by the COVID-19 Virus, more commonly referred to as the Coronavirus, has forced closures of businesses all over the state, and the world at large.

    As the scale of this pandemic became known, officials began encouraging social distancing as a way of combating the spread of the disease. The simple act of avoiding social events and keeping 6 feet away from people at all times drastically lowers the chances of the virus spreading. As more cases began popping up, local governments were forced into action. Recently, Governor Gavin Newsom issued a shelter in place order as some people began to push the boundaries of their so-called social distancing.

    What Does the Shelter in Place Order Mean?

    The shelter in place order issued by Governor Newsom means exactly what it sounds like. This order makes it so that people can only leave their homes for essential errands, such as getting the mail, getting groceries, getting gas, providing aid to friends and family members, or going to work at jobs that are considered essential.

    While people are out running errands and working, they are expected to practice social distancing. This means they should stay a minimum of 6 feet away from other people at all times.

    A lot of times, one might here officials talking about flattening the curve of the virus’s spread, but what does that mean? To put it simply, they want to reduce how often the virus is spread. Consider someone who is sick, if that person goes out and interacts with just two people, they become sick too. Then those two people go out and interact with 2 more people each and now 6 people are infected. If each person keeps interacting with others, they keeping infecting more and more people at a faster and faster rate. When charted on a graph, the line would start with a shallow slope and then rapidly curve up until it was almost vertical.

    Social distancing and sheltering in place reduces human interactions and thereby reduces the chances for the virus to spread. This slows how quickly that line on the graph curves upwards.
    If enough people practice social distancing and shelter in place, the bulk of the spread could be delayed until a cure or treatment is found.

    What Happens if Someone Doesn’t Follow the Order?

    Some people were a bit confused when Governor Newsome issued the recent shelter in place order since many people were doing that already. The thing is, before the order was issued, sheltering in place and avoiding people was just a recommendation. Now it is an official order. This means that if someone doesn’t heed the order, they could get into trouble.

    Law enforcement agencies across the state have been instructed to ensure people comply with this order. This means that a person could be arrested and charged with a misdemeanor for failing to heed the order. This is because not listening to this order is considered an imminent threat to public health.

    That is something that everyone should be aware of. However, the chances of actually getting arrested for venturing outside are slim. More than likely, people who don’t heed the order will be told to go home.

    Could Martial Law Be Issued?

    After hearing that the National Guard would be deployed to help deal with the virus, many people began to worry that martial law would be issued, however, that is not the case. Martial law, the act of suspending civil laws and putting a military force in charge of a jurisdiction, is something that is very rarely used here in the US. The last time it was used was in Hawaii after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

    Yes, martial law could be used to enforce the shelter in place order that has been issued, however, that would only happen as a last resort. As long as people continue to shelter in place like they are supposed to and follow any other orders issued by the government, there won’t be a need for martial law.

    Just Stay Home and Don’t Panic

    This pandemic is a natural disaster on a scale that many people have not seen in a long time. It is shocking and scary. People’s lives have been disrupted in ways many had thought impossible. However, this is not the time to panic. If enough people can remain calm and follow the advice of health officials to shelter in place, the virus’s spread could be slowed drastically.

    As many people have already pointed out online, this is probably the only time where people can save lives by staying at home, so don’t mess this up.

    The best thing to do is to listen to government officials and only accept information about the virus from reputable sources, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO).